The Passive Voice is a way of expressing instances where the subject of the sentence is being acted upon or "suffering" the action, rather than where the subject commits an action. An example of the Passive a Voice within English is:
Iphigenia is sacrificed by King Agamemnon.
The Difference Between the Passive Voice and the Middle VoiceEdit
Though understanding the difference between the Passive Voice and the Middle Voice can often be confusing, there is a quick and easy way to tell the difference:
In the common Active Voice, the subject of the sentence accomplishes the action, while the object of the sentence benefits and suffers the action.
With the Passive we have the subject of the sentence accomplishing the action and benefiting from it, while the object suffers.
With the Middle Voice there is one notable difference; the subject does not accomplish the action here, the object does, marking a distinct difference between the Passive and Middle Voices.
For the Present and Perfect Tenses within the Passive Voice, the endings are the same as the Middle Voice endings, so the contextual clues can help to decipher which voice the verb is in. The Passive Voice is often marked by the preposition υπό, so that is a good clue to use when finding the Passive Voice.
Common Passive EndingsEdit
Though there are always outliers when it comes to endings, there are several common endings to help you to quickly identify the Passive Voice. These are:
Aorist Indicative: -ν, -σ, -μεν, -τέ, and -σαν.
Present and Future Indicative: -μαι, -εί/η, -ται, -μεθα, -σθε, and -όνται